Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Dose response effects of a caffeine-containing energy drink on muscle performance: a repeated measures design

Juan Del Coso*, Juan José Salinero, Cristina González-Millán, Javier Abián-Vicén and Benito Pérez-González

Author Affiliations

Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Camilo José Cela University, C/ Castillo de Alarcon, 49, Villafranca del Castillo 28692, Spain

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Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2012, 9:21  doi:10.1186/1550-2783-9-21

Published: 8 May 2012

Abstract

Background

Energy drinks have become the most used caffeine-containing beverages in the sport setting. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of two doses of a caffeine-containing energy drink on muscle performance during upper- and lower-body power-load tests.

Methods

In a randomized order, twelve active participants ingested 1 and 3 mg of caffeine per kg of body weight using a commercially available energy drink (Fure®, ProEnergetics) or the same drink without caffeine (placebo; 0 mg/kg). After sixty minutes, resting metabolic rate, heart rate and blood pressure were determined. Then, half-squat and bench-press power production with loads from 10 to 100% of 1 repetition maximum was determined using a rotator encoder.

Results

In comparison to the placebo, the ingestion of the caffeinated drink increased mean arterial pressure (82 ± 7 < 88 ± 8 ≈ 90 ± 6 mmHg for 0 mg/kg, 1 mg/kg, 3 mg/kg of caffeine, respectively; P < 0.05) and heart rate (57 ± 7 < 59 ± 8 < 62 ± 8 beats/min, respectively; P < 0.05) at rest in a dose response manner, though it did not affect resting metabolic rate. While the ingestion of 1 mg/kg of caffeine did not affect maximal power during the power-load tests with respect to the placebo, 3 mg/kg increased maximal power in the half-squat (2554 ± 167 ≈ 2549 ± 161 < 2726 ± 167 W, respectively; P < 0.05) and bench-press actions (349 ± 34 ≈ 358 ± 35 < 375 ± 33 W, respectively; P < 0.05).

Conclusions

A caffeine dose of at least 3 mg/kg in the form of an energy drink is necessary to significantly improve half-squat and bench-press maximal muscle power.

Keywords:
Caffeine; Sports nutrition; Force production; Exercise; Energy expenditure