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ISSN exercise & sport nutrition review: research & recommendations

Richard B Kreider1*, Colin D Wilborn2, Lem Taylor2, Bill Campbell3, Anthony L Almada4, Rick Collins5, Mathew Cooke6, Conrad P Earnest7, Mike Greenwood8, Douglas S Kalman9, Chad M Kerksick10, Susan M Kleiner11, Brian Leutholtz8, Hector Lopez12, Lonnie M Lowery13, Ron Mendel14, Abbie Smith10, Marie Spano15, Robert Wildman16, Darryn S Willoughby8, Tim N Ziegenfuss17 and Jose Antonio18

Author Affiliations

1 Exercise & Sports Nutrition Lab, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA

2 Exercise & Sport Science Department, University of Mary-Hardin Baylor, Belton, TX, USA

3 School of Physical Education & Exercise Science, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA

4 GENr8, Inc, Dana Point, CA, USA

5 Collins, McDonald & Gann, PC, Mineola, NY, USA

6 Schools of Medicine & Health Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, Herston, Queensland, AU

7 Pennington Biomedical Reseach Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA

8 Department of Health, Human Performance, and Recreation, Baylor University, Box 97313, Waco, TX, USA

9 Miami Research Associates, Miami, FL, USA

10 Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, USA

11 High Performance Nutrition LLC, Mercer Island, WA, USA

12 Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA

13 Nutrition Assessment Laboratory, Nutrition Center, University of Akron, Akron, Ohio, USA

14 Department of Human Performance & Sport Management, Mount Union College, Alliance, Ohio, USA

15 Marie Spano Nutrition Consulting, Atlanta, GA, USA

16 Department of Human Nutrition, Kansas State University, Manhattan KS, USA

17 Division of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Science, the Center for Applied Health Sciences, Fairlawn, OH, USA

18 Farquhar College of Arts and Sciences, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA

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Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2010, 7:7  doi:10.1186/1550-2783-7-7

Published: 2 February 2010

Abstract

Sports nutrition is a constantly evolving field with hundreds of research papers published annually. For this reason, keeping up to date with the literature is often difficult. This paper is a five year update of the sports nutrition review article published as the lead paper to launch the JISSN in 2004 and presents a well-referenced overview of the current state of the science related to how to optimize training and athletic performance through nutrition. More specifically, this paper provides an overview of: 1.) The definitional category of ergogenic aids and dietary supplements; 2.) How dietary supplements are legally regulated; 3.) How to evaluate the scientific merit of nutritional supplements; 4.) General nutritional strategies to optimize performance and enhance recovery; and, 5.) An overview of our current understanding of the ergogenic value of nutrition and dietary supplementation in regards to weight gain, weight loss, and performance enhancement. Our hope is that ISSN members and individuals interested in sports nutrition find this review useful in their daily practice and consultation with their clients.